Structural Adjustment Programs: Dependency and Poverty in Somalia and Rwanda

By Hodhan Jibril International Relations & Arabic Student In the early 1980s, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank introduced their Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs). The programs responded to the international debt crisis in the 1970’s; developing countries could not return loans from North American and Western European banks, which had increased their lending…

Socialism or Barbarism: Reflections on Global Disorder with David North

This week, Editor-in-Chief Adam Stromme sits down with David North, a visiting Marxist scholar, active revolutionary socialist, and Chairman of the Socialist Equality Party in the United States. Background Adam Stromme: Tell us a little bit about yourself, and how you first become involved in socialist politics. David North: I’m part of a generation that…

Guns, Drugs, and Geopolitics: An Interview with Jacob Parakilas

Editor-in-Chief Adam Stromme sat down with Jacob Parakilas, Deputy Head of the US and the Americas program at Chatham House, to talk about the arms trade, drug trade, and America’s evolving foreign policy.   Introductory Questions Adam Stromme: How did you first become interested in studying international affairs? Dr. Jacob Parakilas: I went through about…

Under Siege: The Iranian Nuclear Deal and the Future of a Country

By Alex Hayes Editor, International Relations & Geography Undergraduate The nuclear accord between Iran and six world powers, including the United States, lifted certain international sanctions in exchange for a scaling back of Iran’s nuclear program. As a result of the agreement, tens of billions of dollars in previously frozen assets and oil revenue have…

The Rohingya Crisis: Is International Intervention the Answer?

By: Jono Davis Editor, International Relations Student Who are the Rohingya and what is happening to them? In looking to the crisis in Myanmar and the plight of the Rohingya people, the extent of the devastation is clear. Since August, 537,000 have fled from the Rohingya’s place of origin, Rakhine state, to Bangladesh in an attempt…

Dabbling in Disaster: Stability through Catastrophe Bonds?

By Matthew Findlay Correspondent, Mathematics Undergraduate After a record hurricane season, investors in catastrophe bonds are counting up their losses.  Catastrophe bonds, also known as Cat bonds, are debt instruments that pay attractive interest rates, typically issued by reinsurers to cover their liabilities in the event of huge damages that may be caused by larger but…

In the Shadow of Apartheid: Race, Radicalism, and Division in South Africa

By Sam Maybee Correspondent, International Relations and Modern History Undergraduate Standing atop Table Mountain, you can be forgiven for thinking South Africa has truly emerged into an era of calm after a century of turbulence. The skyscrapers of Cape Town stand gracefully over the azure waters of the Atlantic, the tangle of motorways teeming with ant-like…

The Economics of Desertification

By Kyra Ward Economics & International Relations Student  The Kubuqi desert has never attracted much attention internationally. Even in China it is dwarfed in significance of the Gobi.  Located in the northern region of China, the Kubuqi desert stands on the banks of the Yellow River. Historically, the Kubuqi has been overexploited by its host…

Boycott Economics and the Animal Agriculture Industry

By Vidur Kapur Correspondent, Medical Undergraduate  “Britain is a nation of animal lovers.” On first glance, this statement has an element of truth to it: after all, we were the first country in the world to pass animal welfare legislation, and some 40% of UK households own a pet. These pets make up a sizeable chunk…

21st Century Economics: A Conversation with Ha-Joon Chang

Editor-in-Chief Adam Strømme sits down with Ha-Joon Chang, a Prospect Magazine “Top 20 World Thinker”, multi-award winning author, and Reader in Political Economy at the University of Cambridge. Adam Stromme: How did you first become interested in studying economics? Ha-Joon Chang: One is a bit more general, and the other is a bit personal. On…

Prosperity without Growth: A Conversation with Tim Jackson

  Editor-in-Chief Adam Stromme talks with Tim Jackson, ecological economist, author of Prosperity Without Growth, and University of St Andrews alum. Adam Stromme: How did you first become interested in sustainability? Tim Jackson: I would say it began in April 1986. I was living in London, having just finished a PhD in Physics from St Andrews but actually…